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The collapse of the soliton concept and beyond

Our work about soliton implosion has been published in Nature/ Light: Science and Applications:

Research summary from Light: Science and Applications

Optical fibers containing two zero-dispersion wavelengths can be efficient generators of broad-spectrum laser light, predicts a new study. Supercontinuum light that spans several octaves is valuable for spectroscopic studies, but it is challenging to compress this bright, white radiation into short pulses for time-resolved studies. Ayhan Demircan from Leibniz Universität Hannover and colleagues have used simulations to discover a new regime where the concept of solitary light waves (or solitons) starts to break down. Propagation in photonic-crystal fibers having two wavelengths with vanishing second-order dispersion revealed that solitons with few-femtosecond duration rapidly annihilate after propagating just a few micrometers and nearly completely convert into a disparate wavelength range. The converted radiation can then directly be compressed into a short pulse, which can reach sub-femtosecond pulse duration.

 

Ihar Babushkin, Ayhan Tajalli, Hakan Sayinc, Uwe Morgner, Günter Steinmeyer and Ayhan Demircan (2017): Simple route toward efficient frequency conversion for generation of fully coherent supercontinua in the mid-IR and UV regime, Light: Science & Applications 6, e16218 (2017)

DOI: 10.1038/lsa.2016.218